https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/320276?seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents

Males offenders receive substantially longer sentences. These disparities are primarily generated by departures from the guidelines, rather than differential sentencing within the guidelines. Departures produce about 70 percent of the male-female difference. Meaning that it was not because of the context that this disparity exists (as feminists want us to believe) but because judges get out of their way to help women. Males are also less likely to get no prison term when that option is available; less likely to receive downward departures ; and more likely to receive upward adjustments and, conditioned on having a downward departure, receive smaller reductions than females.

downward departures: judges giving lesss than the minimum sentence

upward adjustments: Higher sentence than what is asked