This paper was published in a peer-reviewed journal:
This journal is a publication of APA Division 51 (Society for the Psychological Study of Men and Masculinities) https://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/men
Like other scientific journals, APA journals utilize a peer review process to guide manuscript selection and publication decisions. https://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/resources/peer-review
The paper used one of Koss's misandristic surveys (https://www.midss.org/content/sexual-experiences-survey-short-form-victimization-ses-sfv) and therefore completely excluded any and all forms of forced envelopement, be it of bodies or objects, apart from oral. Items on touching and stuff were specified not to include penetration - therefore excluding these victims completely, even from unwanted contact. From here on "envelopment" just means all of those things, excluding oral.
Participants were 405 college men (only 396 completed) aged 18 years and older who provided data on the SES-SFV for course credit at a large, urban, Midwestern University. The sample ranged in age from 18 to 53 (M 21.9, SD 4.9, mode 19). Participants mostly identified as heterosexual (n 358, 88.4%) and Caucasian (n 313, 77.3%); 7.2% identified their race as African American, 6.9% as Asian/Asian American, 1.7% as Native American/AmerIndian, and 6.9% as Hispanic or Latino.
First of all, my heart goes out to the two legends who did not bow down to being blatantly excluded and despite not having an item to put their victimization and despite even those penetrated (which is more often recognized than envelopment) not allowing themselves that term, they still answered yes to the rape question (i.e. they were forcibly enveloped and didn't care that they were blatantly excluded). It also goes out to the other two who did allow themselves that term despite "only" being forced by verbal threats like false accusations (which lead to severe violence, torture and death), which is considered coercion (but eing forced by threats of violence is considered rape).
Do not mistake this as "there were only two enveloped ones", as
a) the vast majority of victims were victimized multiple times - even without envelopment. Overlaps are likely
b) around 9/10 victims of even these more recognized forms of rape did not allow themselves that term
c) they just participated in a survey on sexual assault that didn't even acknowledge that possibility and thus some will have thought it is only concerning the situations they were asked about (and it was)
d) they were asked to specifically remember other traumatizing experiences that might overshadow the ones they were not asked about
e) being made to penetrate objects and body parts other than the ganitalia and mouth is, officially, not considered rape (in fact, it is not even sexual assault with an object as per NIBRS https://ucr.fbi.gov/nibrs/2018/resource-pages/nibrs_offense_definitions-2018.pdf - but other definitions exclude it as well)
f) being made to penetrate genitalia is usually officially not considered rape - some purely statistical definitions are unneccessarily suggestive to not including it whilst ambiguous enough to shut people up and claim it does even though it would be intuitively assumed not to - which makes it effectively equivalent to not including it anyway
Between the ages of 14 and 22 (mean), 1 in 7 men were attempted/completed penetrated or forced to participate in oral by means of threats of physical violence, drugs/alcohol or physical force. This is what was called raped - keep in mind the male rape victims it excluded (envelopment). Incidents prior to the age of 14 are excluded.
Of those rape victims, around 9 in 10 did not allow themselves the term rape - despite excluding less recognized forms (envelopment). In a 2016 meta-analysis on women, female victims were found to be about 4 times more likely than that to allow themselves that term without excluding forms https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25784571/.
Between the ages of 14 and 22 (mean), more than 1 in 4 men were sexually assaulted by means of fondling/grabbing, oral or being penetrated. Keep in mind that this still excludes many male victims as it specifically states that no penetration (envelopment) occured (so those excluded from rape will not be included here either). Incidents prior to the age of 14 are excluded.
Of those victimized between the ages of 14 and 22 (mean) and who were not excluded by the discriminatory surveys of the study, more than 8/10 were victimized multiple times. Incidents prior to the age of 14 are excluded.
Of those victimized between the ages of 14 and 22 (mean) and who were not excluded by the discriminatory surveys of the study, only around 16% reported solely male perpetrators and around 7% reported mixed perpetrators. 62% reported solely female perpetrators and the rest did not answer. Incidents prior to the age of 14 are excluded.